بررسی آفات ‌پده (Populus euphratica Olive) و دشمنان طبیعی آنها در استان خوزستان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیت علمی/موسسه تحقیقات جنگلها و مراتع کشور

2 مربی پژوهش، مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان خوزستان، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، خوزستان، ایران

3 کارشناس، مؤسسه تحقیقات جنگلها و مراتع کشور، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

     استان خوزستان مهمترین رویشگاه‌ پده (P. euphratica) در کشور محسوب می­شود. طی سال‌های 90-1387، فون آفات پده و دشمنان طبیعی آنها در سه ایستگاه تعیین شده در رویشگاه‌های طبیعی این استان مطالعه شد. نمونه‌برداری از حشرات در طول فصول رویش گیاه میزبان به‌‌فاصله هر 15- 30 روز یکبار و به‌روش‌های متداول مانند جمع‌آوری مستقیم از روی گیاه میزبان، به‌کارگیری تله اشنایدر، جمع‌آوری و بررسی شاخه‌های آلوده پده و پرورش مراحل نابالغ حشرات روی نهال‌های گلدانی انجام شد. نمونه‌های جمع‌آوری شده برای شناسایی یا تأیید نام علمی به مراجع صلاحیت‌دار داخلی و خارجی ارسال شد. در مجموع 23 گونه از بندپایان آفت متعلق به 5 راسته و 16 خانواده، همچنین 12 گونه بندپای شکارگر از 5 راسته و 7 خانواده به‌شرح ذیل جمع‌آوری و شناسایی شدند. در میان آفات معرفی شده، تعداد 11 گونه از نظر آلودگی و خسارت از اهمیت بیشتری برخوردار بوده که در بین آنها، 8 گونه به‌طور مشترک در سه رویشگاه‌ مورد مطالعه وجود داشتند. تعدادی از این آفات با میزبانی پده برای اولین بار از استان خوزستان گزارش می‌شوند.
Gypsonoma euphraticana Aims., Gypsonoma spp., Lithocolletis sp., Phyllocnistis sp., Cerura vinula L., Harpyia leucotera Stichel, Egeirotrioza intermedia Baeva, Egeirotrioza ceardi (Bergevin), Egeirotrioza sp., Syntomoza unicolor (Loginova & Parfentiev), Chaitophorus euphraticus Hodjat, Pachypappa sp., Salicicola kermanensis Lndgr., Diaspidiotus slavonicus (Green), Ceroplastes rusci (Linnaeus), Monosteira unicostata (Muls. & Rey), Apodiphus amygdali Germar, Tetranychus urticae Koch, Melanophyla picta Pall., Capnodis miliaris Klug, Microcerotermes buettikeri Chhotani & Bose, Microcerotermes diversus Silvestri, Anacanthotermes vagans (Hagen), Coccinella undecimpunctata L., Coccinella septempunctata L., Chilochorus bipustulatus L., Scymnus sp., Orius laticollis (Reuter), Anthocoris sp., Deraeocoris (Phaeocapsus) pilipes (Reuter), Deraeocoris sp., Chrysoperla carnea Steph., Anystis baccarum (Linn), Xysticus sp., Cheiranthium sp.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Faunestic survey of the pests and natural enemies associated with Euphrates poplar in Khuzestan province

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehri Babmorad 1
  • Gh, R. Kajbaf Vala 2
  • S. Zeinali 3
چکیده [English]

Khuzestan province accounts as the most important natural habitats for Euphrates poplar (Populus euphratica Olive) in Iran. During 2008–2011, the harmful & benefical arthropods fauna associated with Euphrates poplar were studied in three selected sites of natural stands of Khuzestan province. The studies carried out every 15-30 days during the growing seasons of the host plant. Samples were mainly collected by Schneider trap, direct hand, collecting of infected tree branches, as well as rearing immature instars of the pests on seedlings in controlled conditions. Cooperation of various senior experts inside and outside of the country was used to assist recognizing insect species. A total of 23 pest species belonging to 16 families of 5 orders and also, 12 species of predatory arthropods belonging to 7 families of 5 orders were collected and identified as follows. Among the introduced pests, 11 species were more important in terms of contamination and damage, among which 8 species were common in the three studied habitats. A number of species were mainly collected for the first time from the mentioned localities. Gypsonoma euphraticana Aims., Gypsonoma spp., Lithocolletis sp., Phyllocnistis sp., Cerura vinula L., Harpyia leucotera Stichel, Egeirotrioza intermedia Baeva, Egeirotrioza ceardi (Bergevin), Egeirotrioza sp., Syntomoza unicolor (Loginova & Parfentiev), Chaitophorus euphraticus Hodjat, Pachypappa sp., Salicicola kermanensis Lndgr., Diaspidiotus slavonicus (Green), Ceroplastes rusci (Linnaeus), Monosteira unicostata (Muls. & Rey), Apodiphus amygdali Germar, Tetranychus urticae Koch, Melanophyla picta Pall., Capnodis miliaris Klug, Microcerotermes buettikeri Chhotani& Bose, Microcerotermes diversus Silvestri, Anacanthotermes vagans (Hagen).Coccinella undecimpunctata L., Coccinella septempunctata L., Chilochorus bipustulatus L., Scymnus sp., Orius laticollis (Reuter), Anthocoris sp., Deraeocoris (Phaeocapsus) pilipes (Reuter), Deraeocoris sp., Chrysoperla carnea Steph., Anystis baccarum (Linn), Xysticus sp., Cheiranthium sp.
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Populus euphratica Olive
  • Pests
  • natural enemies
  • Natural stands
  • Khuzestan
- Abaii, M. and Adeli, E. 1983. Pests of Forest Trees and Shrubs of Iran. Agricultural Research Education & Extention Organization, Plant Pests and Diseases Research Institute, Tehran, 147p (In Persian).
- Abaii, M. 1999. Pests of Forest Trees and Shrubs of Iran. Agricultural Research Education & Extention Organization, Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection Press, Tehran, 178p (In Persian).
- Abaii, M. 2009. Pests of Forest Trees and Shrubs of Iran. Agricultural Research Education & Extention Organization, Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection Press, Tehran. 206p (In Persian).
- Babmorad, M. 1998. The study on biology poplar lace bug, Monosteira unicostata. (Muls. & Rey) in Karadj. M.Sc. Thesis, Science and Research Division, Azad Islamic University, Tehran, 81p (In Persian).
- Babmorad, M., Azizkhani, E. and Zeinali, S. 2011. Investigation of important poplar species arthropods fauna in National Botanical Garden of Iran. First Conference National Botanical Garden of Iran, Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, Iran, 136-137.
- Babmorad, M., Bourkhardet, D., Afroozian, M. and Zeinali, S. 2012. New report of Egeirotrioza intermedia Baeva (Hem.: Triozidae) on Populus euphratica Olive in Iran. Iranian Journal of Forest and Range Protection Research, 10(2): 169-170 (In Persian).
- Babmorad, M., Goodarzi, H.R. and Yarmand, H. 2000. Introduction of some parasitic and predacious Arachnida fauna affecting poplar pests in Karaj. Proceedings of the 14th Iranian Plant Protection Congress, Isfahan University of Technology, Iran, P.291.
- Babmorad, M. and Zeinali, S. 2013. Preminary study of Pests fauna associated with Euphrates poplar in Tehran province. Abstracts of 3th National Conference Management of pests control. Shahid Bahonar University. Kerman, 21–22 January 2014, P. 475.
- Behdad, E. 1987. Pests and Diseases of Forest Trees and Shrubs and Ornamental Plants of Iran. Neshat Publication, 807p.
- Burckhardt, D. and Lauterer, P. 1993. The jumping plant-lice of Iran (Homoptera, Psylloidea). Revue Suisse de Zoologie, 100 (4): 829-898.
- Burckhardt, D. and Mifsud, D. 2003. Jumping plant-lice of the Paurocephalinae (Insecta, Hemiptera, Psylloidea): systematics and phylogeny. Contributions to Natural History (Bern) 2: 3–34.
 - Chaudhry, M.I. and Ahmad, M.I. 1973. Population dynamics of two poplar defoliators. (Final technical report), 62p.
- Farahbakhsh, Gh. 1961. List of Plants and Agricultural Production of Iran. Ministry of Agriculture. Plant Protection Publications, 1: 153.
- Gegechkori, A.M. and Loginova, M.M. 1990. Psillidy (Homoptera, Psylloidea) SSSR (annotirovannyy spisok). [The Psyllids (Homoptera, Psylloidea) of the USSR (an annotated check list)]. Mecniereba, Tbilisi, 191pp (in Russian, English summary).
- Ghayourfar, R. 2005. Termites of Iran. Agricultural Research & Education Organization, Plant Pests and Diseases Research Institute, Tehran, 180p (In Persian).
- Ikan, R. and Ishay, J. 1988. Larval wasp secretions and honeydew of the aphids Ch. Populi, feeding on Populus euphratica as sources of sugars in the diet of the oriental hornet, Vespa orientalis F. Israel. Journal of Zoology, 15: 64–68.
- Calagari, M. 1993. Ecological study of Euphrates poplar Communitis in edge of Karun River. M.Sc. Thesis, Faculty of Natural Resources, Tehran University, 127p (In Persian).
- Calagari, M. 2004. Investigation of Ecological and genetical variations of the Populus euphratica Oliv. in natural stands of Iran. Ph.D. Thesis, Faculty of Natural Resources, Tarbiat Modaress University, Tehran, 143p (In Persian).
- Calagari, M. 2018. Ecological characteristics of populus euphratica in natural habitats of Iran and its potential for use in wood farming. Journal of Iran Nature, Agricultural Research Education & Extention Organization, Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, Tehran, Iran, 3(1): 22–30.
- Najafi Tireh Shabankareh, K. 1989. Populus euphratica. Agricultural & Natural Resources Researches Organization, Natural Resources Research Center of Hormozgan Province, 4p (In Persian).
- Li, F. 2011. Psyllidomorpha of China (Insecta: Hemiptera)]. Science Press, Beijing, China, 1976p.
- Malenovsky, I., Lauterer, P., Labina, E. and Burckhardt, D. 2012. Jumping plant-lice (Hemiptera: Psylloidea) of Afghanistan. Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae, 52(1): 1–22.
- Medvedev, G.S. 1989. Keys to the Insects of the European Part of the USSR.: Lepidoptera. IV,1, Part 1. Available at books.google.com/books ISBN=9004089241.
- Myartseva, S.N., Sugonyaev, E.S. and Tryapitsyn, V.A. 1982. A new species of parasitic Hymenoptera of the genus Anagyrus (Hymenoptera, Encyrtidae) from Iraq. Zoologicheskii-Zhurnal, 61(1): 150-152.
- Ravan, S. 2010. Ecological distribution and feeding preferences of Iran termites. African Journal of Plant Science, 4(9): 360–367.
- Rezwani, A. 2004. Aphids on Trees & Shrubs in Iran. Agricultural Research Education & Extention Organization, Plant Pests and Diseases Research Institute, Tehran, 270p (In Persian).
- Tarasi, J., Ostovan, H., Sadeghi, S.E. and Shojaii, M. 2005. Density of poplar Psyllid, Camarotoscena hoberlandti Vondr acek, on different poplar clones in Zanjan province. Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 11(4): 79-85.