تأثیر حشره کشی دو عصاره گیاهی همراه با صابون محلول پاشی روی سوسک برگ‌خوارنارون، Xanthogalerucaluteola Mull. در شرایط صحرایی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجو کارشناسی ارشد، گروه حشره‌شناسی، واحد رفسنجان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، رفسنجان، ایران

2 گروه حشره شناسی، واحد رفسنجان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، رفسنجان، ایران

3 استادیار، گروه حشره‌شناسی، واحد رفسنجان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، رفسنجان، ایران

چکیده

DOR:98.1000/1735-0859.1397.16.233.32.2.1578.1610

      سوسک برگ‌خوار نارون، Xanthogaleruca luteola Mull. (Col.: Chrysomelidae)، یکی از مهم‌ترین آفات درختان نارون در جنگل­ها و فضای سبز شهری است. با توجه به مضرات متعدد حشره‌کش‌های شیمیایی و اهمیت فضای سبز شهری، در این پژوهش، اثر حشره‌کش‌های گیاهی عصاره فلفل قرمز (تنداکسیر®)، عصاره سیر (سیرینول®) و نقش هم­افزاییصابون محلول‌پاشی (برتر®) روی این حشره‌کش‌ها به‌همراه تیمار شاهد روی کاهش انبوهی جمعیت لاروهای سوسک برگ‌خوار نارون، طی دو مرحله محلول‌پاشی در قالب طرح بلوک‌هایکامل تصادفی در پنجتکرار ارزیابی شد. برای انجام آزمایش‌ها از غلظت توصیه‌شده هر یک از این ترکیب‌ها استفاده گردید. نمونه‌برداری یک روز قبل از محلول‌پاشی و 2، 7، 14 و 21 روز بعد از محلول‌پاشی انجام شد. بیشترین و کمترین درصد کاهش جمعیت لاروهای سوسک برگ‌خوار نارون به‌ترتیب در تیمار تنداکسیر + سیرینول (56/78 و 99/64 درصد) و تیمار تنداکسیر (4/41 و 06/23 درصد) به‌ترتیب در 2 و 21 روز پس از محلول‌پاشی ثبت شد. کارایی حشره‌کش گیاهی سیرینول در کنترل سوسک برگ‌خوار نارون، 17-15 درصد بیشتر از تنداکسیر بود. صابون محلول‌پاشی برتر روی حشره‌کش‌های گیاهی تنداکسیر و سیرینول اثر هم‏افزایی نشان داد و به‌ترتیب باعث افزایش 6 الی 18 و 4 الی 28 درصد تأثیر، در تاریخ­های مختلف نمونه­برداری شد. بنابراین با توجه به یافته‌های این پزوهش می‌توان حشره‌کش‌های گیاهی را به‌عنوان یک ترکیب مناسب و ایمن برای مدیریت تلفیقی سوسک برگ‌خوار نارون در محیط شهری به کار برد.
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of botanical insecticides of pepper and garlic extracts in combination with soap spray on the elm leaf beetle, Xanthogaleruca luteola Mull. under field conditions

نویسندگان [English]

  • M. Ebrahimipour Sharifabad 1
  • Zahra Sheibani Tezerji 2
  • M.R. Hassani 3
2 Department of Entomology, Rafsanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rafsanjan, Iran
چکیده [English]

The elm leaf beetle, Xanthogaleruca luteola Mull. (Col.: Chrysomelidae) is one of the most important pests of elm trees in the green urban landscape. According to multiple hazards of chemical insecticides and environmental importance of urban green space, in this study, the effect of botanical insecticides of pepper extract (Tondexir®)andgarlic extract (Sirinol®) in combination with soap spray (Bartar®) at two spray stages were investigated against X. luteola larvae. A randomized complete blocks design with 5 replications was performed as experimental design. The trials were carried out with recommended concentration of each compound. The sampling was carried out on the day before treatment and 2, 7, 14 and 21 days after treatment. The results showed the highest and lowest population reduction percentage of larvae as recorded at tondexir + sirinol (78/56 and 64/99%) and tondexir (41/4 and 23.06%) treatments, at 2 and 21 days after treatment, respectively. The results indicated that sirinol was more effective (15-17%) than tondexir to control X. luteola. Bartar spray soap increased the efficiency of the botanical insecticides of tondexir and sirinol, to 6-18 and 4-28%, respectively, at different post-treatment days. As a result, bartar spray soap showed synergistic effect on these botanical insecticides. Therefore, with respect to the results of this study, these botanical insecticides can be used as safe and suitable compounds in integrated control management of X. luteola in the urban greenlandscape.
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Xanthogaleruca luteola
  • Botanical Insecticide
  • Pepper
  • garlic
  • Spray Soap
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